Human Lives Human Rights: When there is a discussion about the human rights in different countries, whether you want it or notو one of the most important topics in these discussions that comes up, is that of Afghanistan. This topic attracts the attention because there are many ethnicities and religious minorities in Afghanistan, and since the establishment of the country of Afghanistan until today, the problem of violating the rights of ethnic and religious minorities in Afghanistan can be seen clearly. In addition, both during the first government of the Taliban and now the government of the Islamic Emirate of the Taliban has occupied power in Afghanistan, human rights violations have become very severe.
Ethnically, Afghanistan includes Tajik, Pashtun, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaq, Qizilbash, Turkmens, Kyrgyz, Pashayi and Nuristanis ethnic groups. Also, the religious diversity in Afghanistan is also very rich. The Sunnis are in the majority and are divided into two groups, the Hanafis and the Wahhabis, and other religions are the minorities are towards the north, the Imami and Ismaili Shiites, Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Jews and a very rare minority of Baha’is.
In the contemporary era, when Afghanistan has been constantly in a state of insecurity, the issue of violating the rights of minorities has become one of the most frequent things in the daily lives of the people of this country. The issue is not limited to social restrictions, many times religious minorities, especially Shiites, have been targeted by terrorist attacks by extremist groups such as the Taliban.
On the other hand, after the establishment of the Taliban government, many people of Afghanistan have been taken hostage by this government, and the Taliban government does not respect the rights of any group except its followers due to its extreme takfiri ideas which are rooted in Wahhabi beliefs. In the past few months of the Taliban government, the basic rights of other minority groups in Afghanistan have been violated many times by this illegal government.
The human rights situation in Afghanistan is one of the most important issues for the United Nations Human Rights Council, and why this council has not taken any action for the people of Afghanistan is still a matter of thought.